Gonzalo Salvador (aka González), a PR colleague, just shared with me a presentation with great advice and insights that should be consider when adapting any English document or message into Spanish.
I. Assumptions to Avoid
A.-Not every person who speaks Spanish is an expert in the Spanish language.
B.-Not all Hispanics are equal. Usage of the Spanish language among U.S. Hispanics depend on different factors such as country of origin, generation, region of residence. Each group has its own vocabulary and its own colloquialisms.
If you are thinking about asking…
Q: What are the differences between Hispanics and Latinos and what is the right word to use?
A: This question could create a long discussion. Just as a reference in the East Coast is more widely used “Hispanics” while in the West Coast is “Latinos.”
Q: Is there a standard Spanish I can use?
A: No. But you can use neutral words and you can use the Real Academia Española (Spanish Royal Academy) dictionary as a reference. Remember to always use language appropriate to you target audience.
II. Common Grammatical Mistakes
A.-Try avoid the use of gerunds (-ando, -endo).
Example: Use “salta” (to jump) instead of “saltando” (jumping).
B.-Use active verbs when possible: Try to avoid the translation of the have + verb form into Spanish. Example: He has jumped (el ha saltado), might sound better as (el salta or el saltó)
C.-Avoid commonly misused words.
Quiz: Are the following translations correct?:
A: Incorrect. It should be “manifestante.” Protestante means protestant (religious denomination)
A: Incorrect. It should be “instalaciones.” Facilidades is related to easy.
A: Incorrect. It sould be “solicitud.” Aplicación means “to apply towards…” such as to apply force.
A: Correct. “Acta” in Spanish is a document.
D.-Always try to use alternatives to gender.
i.e. Avoid using she/he (ella, él)
E.-Check for the order of words in a sentence. (Nuevo Carro, Carro Nuevo)
F.-Avoid using too many articles (la, el). (leísmo)
Example: Women’s Health Center as Centro de la Salud de las Mujeres. It is better to use: Centro Médico para Mujeres.
By the way, the comas (,) are always located outside marks. (i.e. “”, not “,”)
To be continued…